Nowruz is the first day of the Iranian solar year, equal to the 1st of Farvardin, the celebration of the beginning of the Iranian New Year and one of the oldest celebrations left from the time of ancient Iran. Nowruz, as an old and ancient celebration, has been inherited from many ethnic groups in the region and has acquired an Iranian identity card with a special color and stigma, and it is mentioned as a symbol connecting the Iranian people and ethnic groups and the Iranian nation.
Nowruz, officially the “International Day of Nowruz”, has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as a cultural and spiritual heritage of mankind. This day is also considered one of the holy days and religious holidays of Zoroastrians and Baha’is.
The origin and time of the emergence of Nowruz are not known. Some historical narrations attribute the beginning of Nowruz to the Babylonians. According to these narrations, the prevalence of Nowruz in Iran dates back to 538 BC, the time of the invasion of Babylon by Cyrus the Great. Also in some narrations, Zarathustra is mentioned as the founder of Nowruz. In some ancient texts of Iran, including Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh and Tabari’s history, Jamshid and in some other texts, Kiomars has been introduced as the founder of Nowruz.
Among all the celebrations that were forgotten in post-Islamic Iran due to the negligence of the rulers and the opposition of the Islamists, Nowruz was able to maintain its position as a national holiday in Iran. The reason for the persistence of Nowruz in Iranian culture can be considered its deep connection with Iranian mirrors, the history of this country, and the cultural memory of Iranians.
Haft sin or Haft seen is a table that Iranians decorate during Nowruz, which includes seven symbols that begin with the letter “Sin”. In the past, this tradition was celebrated in parts of Iran and today in Iran and some surrounding countries. The Haftsin table is not for Nowruz and a group prepares this table or similar for a wedding celebration or Shab-e Cheleh. Haftsin is one of the most famous Nowruz ceremonies, and it is the collection of seven things whose names begin with the letter “S”. Usually, among the following objects: Apple “Sib”, Elm “Senjed”, Sumac “Sumac”, garlic “Sir”, vinegar “Serkeh”, greens “Sabzi” (wheat grains and the like have already been planted and planted on a plate), coins “Sekeh”, Semno, seven things are chosen for the seven trays.
On the Haftsin table, traditionally, a mirror, Shahnameh or Divan of Hafez, Tang-e-Ab is placed with goldfish or pomegranate. The main member of the table is the green, which, along with the other six “Sin”, forms the seventh. Goldfish is a symbol of Chinese New Year and was probably placed on the table of Persian Haftsin less than a century ago. Of course, this fish was also found in Iran in the Caspian Sea basins, Lake Hamoon and Karun River, and the Iranians have been familiar with goldfish for more than 2500 years.